Response to 6051 and 6200 week 6

  

Part 1

SOCW 6051: Week 6 

Discussion: Group Dynamics–Intragroup, Dominant Group, and Marginalization

Members of dominant ethnic and racial groups may assume that other groups’ struggles are not their own or assume that those of a given race speak with one voice and react in the same way to their oppression. In reality, people can cope with racial inequalities in a variety of ways, creating complex relationships both between the dominant and oppressed group and among members of the dominant and oppressed groups.

As a social worker, you must understand the many ways in which racial privilege can impact your clients. You must also understand the ways in which racial privilege has impacted your life and the ways you react to the realities of racism. You will likely need to help clients address racial divides and combat racial inequality to empower them.

To prepare: Review “Working With Immigrants and Refugees: The Case of Aaron.”

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Respond to at least two colleagues with a critique of their analysis. Explain multicultural considerations your colleagues would need to keep in mind in their social work practice. Specifically, explain how marginalized racial and ethnic groups identified in your colleagues’ posts might perpetuate a marginalized group status. Explain how a marginalized group may identify and adopt the norms of a dominant group. Finally, explain the implications for social work practice.

Rubric 

Responsiveness to Directions

8.1 (27%) – 9 (30%)

Discussion posting fully addresses all instruction prompts, including responding to the required number of peer posts.

Discussion Posting Content

8.1 (27%) – 9 (30%)

Discussion posting demonstrates an excellent understanding of all of the concepts and key points presented in the text(s) and Learning Resources. Posting provides significant detail including multiple relevant examples, evidence from the readings and other scholarly sources, and discerning ideas.

Peer Feedback and Interaction

6.75 (22.5%) – 7.5 (25%)

The feedback postings and responses to questions are excellent and fully contribute to the quality of interaction by offering constructive critique, suggestions, in-depth questions, additional resources, and stimulating thoughts and/or probes.

Writing

4.05 (13.5%) – 4.5 (15%)

Postings are well organized, use scholarly tone, contain original writing and proper paraphrasing, follow APA style, contain very few or no writing and/or spelling errors, and are fully consistent with graduate level writing style.

Student Discussion

Student Name: Ja’Sharee Bush 

RE: Discussion – Week 6

Top of Form

Marginalization is shown more in the United States than exploitation and is considered the most dangerous form of oppression (Adams et al.,2018). According to Adams et al. (2018), marginalization occurs mainly on a racial level, and African Americans, Indians, and other minorities are placed in the category. Dominant groups such as Caucasians play a role in marginalization because they make it difficult for minorities to advance in society; for example, African Americans are denied higher-paying jobs because of hairstyles and skin color. Equal pay is not provided for African Americans working the same job as Caucasian individuals.

A negative impact the dominant group can have on immigrants is making them feel unwelcomed and feel as if they must change who they are to fit in. Aaron found himself depressed because his family did not accept him since they had become more westernized (Plummer et al.,2014). Immigrants find themselves altering who they are and straying away from family traditions to fit in with the dominant group. They put on a mask to blend in with society and cause themselves to slip into a depressive state or anxiety because they feel no matter how hard they try, they will never truly fit in. Racism and prejudice would impact Aaron’s assimilation because he would think that his beliefs and traditions are not standard. He would start doubting his practice and reevaluate his culture and alter to fit in or fall into a depressive state like in the case study.

If I were the Social Worker on Aaron’s case, I would empathize and provide support when addressing his family. I would make sure Aaron expresses to his family why he still practices traditions and communicates to them how he felt about being rejected. I would ask him to allow them to explain why it appeared he was left out of the family. 

References

Adams, M., Blumenfeld, W. J., Castaneda, C., Catalano, D. C. J., DeJong, K., Hackman, H. W,… Zuniga, X. (Eds.). (2018). Readings for diversity and social justice (4th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge Press.

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].

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Student Name: Jennifer Arellano 

RE: Discussion – Week 6

Top of Form

Dominant groups can play a role in marginalizing other groups by being ignorant to systemic racism and not drawing light to concerns that uplift communities of color. “ In my efforts to uncover how race has shaped my life,  I have gained insight by placing race in the center of my analysis and asking how each of my other group locations have socialized me to collude with racism” (Adams et al., 2018) For dominant groups to become an ally to people of color they must use their privilege to reach a larger platform.

The potential negative impact dominant culture has on immigrants’ refugees strengthens racism. Instead of welcoming new cultures, new immigrants and empathizing with refugees’ dominant culture such as white culture overshadows their experiences. It can also make a immigrant or refugee feel as if their traditions are not the “norm” or even feel some sort of shame for celebrating their heritage.

From personal experience as a first-generation Mexican American woman, I grew up going to a predominantly white school, I grew up ashamed of Mexican holidays because I thought it minimized my validation as an American citizen. I did not understand how two very different cultures could exist within my identity.

I would respond to Aaron when he discusses his family rejection of his desire to maintain his cultural roots with compassion and empathy. I would assist aaron in identifying why these cultural practices were so important to him, I would assist him in empathizing with his parents thought process of why it could not be so important for them. I would encourage him to continue his cultural practices and engage in school programs where he could interact with individuals from the same background. I would encourage him to speak with his parents while also encourage interaction with a  community of strong cultured individuals.

References 

Adams, M., Blumenfeld, W. J., Castaneda, C., Catalano, D. C. J., DeJong, K., Hackman, H. W,… Zuniga, X. (Eds.). (2018). Readings for diversity and social justice (4th ed.). New York, 

NY: Routledge Press.

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].”Working With Immigrants and Refugees: The Case of Aaron”

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Part 2 

SOCW 6200

Discussion: Dalia’s Behavior

Argumentative behavior, engagement in physical altercations, and evidence of mood swings can all indicate that an adolescent is experiencing anger and depression. Self-harming can surface in adolescents, too, as they experience difficult emotions.

For this Discussion, read the case study of Dalia and consider what you, as her social worker, would do if you observed self-harm indicators.

Respond to a colleague’s post by explaining why you agree or disagree with your colleague’s use of a particular theoretical approach and/or practical skill in working with Dalia.

Responsiveness to Directions

9.45 (27%) – 10.5 (30%)

Discussion posting fully addresses all instruction prompts, including responding to the required number of peer posts.

Discussion Posting Content

9.45 (27%) – 10.5 (30%)

Discussion posting demonstrates an excellent understanding of all of the concepts and key points presented in the text(s) and Learning Resources. Posting provides significant detail including multiple relevant examples, evidence from the readings and other scholarly sources, and discerning ideas.

Peer Feedback and Interaction

7.88 (22.5%) – 8.75 (25%)

The feedback postings and responses to questions are excellent and fully contribute to the quality of interaction by offering constructive critique, suggestions, in-depth questions, additional resources, and stimulating thoughts and/or probes.

Writing

4.72 (13.5%) – 5.25 (15%)

Postings are well organized, use scholarly tone, contain original writing and proper paraphrasing, follow APA style, contain very few or no writing and/or spelling errors, and are fully consistent with graduate level writing style.

Student Discussion

 Student Name: Jaleesa Gilliard 

RE: Discussion – Week 6

Top of Form

Dalia presented behavioral changes that her parents can account for when she arrived to middle school. Dalia states that her parents became more distant from her when her sister left for college two years ago. Dalia’s behavior changes stem from drinking alcohol with her friends, argumentative with authority figures, fighting, highly sexualized behavior with boys, irritable mood, missing school, and getting a tattoo at the age of 14. (Plummer 2014)

What her parents do not see is that Dalia feels that she does not compare to the high standard that her older sister made. Since being in middle school, teachers have compared Dalia to her sister and makes Dalia feel unsuccessful. This alone can exhibit self -harm behavior with Dalia. “Rudd, Joiner, & Rajab (2001) proposed that people who are at risk of attempted suicide and deliberate self-harm have core beliefs of unlovability and helplessness and find it hard to tolerate distress, and this leads to a sense of hopelessness.” (Stirling 2010) Dalia is feeling unloved at home and at school because she is not her sister and feels that everyone wants her to be someone perfect like her sister. Dalia feels alone at home, her parents are always working and do not have time for her.

William Glasser’s theory on identity fits Dalia’s situations, his theory “the need to feel that each of us is somehow separate and distinct from every other living being on the face of this earth and that no other person thinks, looks, acts, and talks exactly as we do.”(Zastrow, 2019 p 327) Dalia is trying to find her own identity separate from her sister, trying to prove to her parents and teachers that she is her own person, her actions are just coming off as negative, I believe that Dalia is trying to make a point to get to her parents with her negative behavior.

I think the social worker having family sessions was good to help the family be able to communicate. A skill that I would use when working with Dalia, would be assertiveness training. Dalia is misbehaving but she is speaking up for herself in regard to her feelings. Helping Dalia be more assertive in a positive way, can be a coping mechanism so that she would not self-harm. Dalia can let her parents and teachers know that she is not her sister and wants to be treated as Dalia. Dalia can let her parents know how she feels alone since her sister went to college.  Dalia can learn more about herself and her actions through the training. (Zastrow 2019) Along with getting positive communication back in the home, help Dalia get back to some of the activities that she use to enjoy such as singing. Show her that it is not something that is “boring” and get her involved that way it can be another coping mechanism to distract her from wanting to harm herself.

Resources:

Stirling Moorey (2010) Managing the unmanageable: Cognitive behavior therapy for deliberate

self-harm, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 24:2, 135-149, DOI:10.1080/02668731003708061 T

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies:

Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital

Source e-reader].

Zastrow, C. H., Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hessenauer, S. L.  (2019). Understanding human

behavior and the social environment (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Student Name: Christopher Fosdick 

RE: Discussion – Week 6

Top of Form

1.Post a brief explanation of self-harming behaviors that Dalia is exhibiting. 

I had a difficult time connecting Dalia’s behavior in the Plummer et al (2014) vignette to the definition of self-harm offered in the Moorey article (2010). Moorey defines self-harm as non-fatal behaviors such as self-poisoning and self-injury. Perhaps her alcohol consumption and highly sexualized behaviors mentioned in the Plummer (2014) reading may be to such an extent that it meets Moorey’s definition. Dalia’s potential self-harm behaviors include physical altercations with peers, highly sexualized behavior, drinking alcohol in their home with friends, and staying up most of the night and sleeping most of the day (Plummer et al., 2014).

2.Describe theoretical approaches and practical skills you would employ in working with Dalia. How might familial relationships result in Dalia’s self-harming behavior? 

Dalia experiences impulsive behaviors and appears to experience negative self-talk particularly with issues relating to how she is compared to her sister, how she navigates through being biracial, and how she has been neglected by her parents since her sister moved out and went to college (Plummer et al., 2014). 

The Moorey article (2010) suggests the use of specific cognitive behavior therapy interventions, including problem-solving therapy. Often those who self-harm are doing so because they lack problem-solving abilities (Moorey, 2010). Dalia struggles with interacting with her parents and she may have a difficult time relating with peers in healthy ways. I could utilize problem-solving therapy to help Dalia define her specific challenges such as her struggles in community with her parents or interacting with her peers, come up with some potential solutions, create an action plan, and implement it.

Many people who are at risk of self-harm may believe that they are unloveabe and helpless.(Moorey, 2010). Dalia appears to feel somewhat abandoned by her parents, particularly since her sister left for college. She also feels unloved or inferior in comparison to her sister and may struggle with feelings of inadequacy as a result of her multiracial background (Plummer et al. 2014). An effective intervention for Dalia may involve helping her recognize in what ways her excessive drinking, lack of sleep, and sexual behavior as self-harm. After acknowledging the behavior as self-harm, a crisis plan would be created with Dalia, which identifies healthier coping alternative strategies. 

At the beginning of the therapist’s treatment with Dalia, Dalia indicated that extracurricular activities were “corny and boring (Plummer et al. 2014).” According to Zastrow et al. (2019), a way to change some of Dalia’s negative emotions is to help her identify some meaningful activities (p. 380). A therapist may help explore hobbies or recreation that Dalia can engage in to help her replace negative emotions with relaxing or engaging experiences. She may explore art, hanging out with more positive friends, singing, or some other activity. 

References

Moorey, S. (2010). Managing the unmanageable: Cognitive behaviour therapy for deliberate self-harm. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 24(2), 135–149. https://doi.org/10.1080/02668731003708061 

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].

Zastrow, C. H., Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hessenauer, S. L.  (2019). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

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