Our ______________________________ is/are the basis of our worldview and possible biases.
All of the choices
___________ counseling is any counseling relationship in which the counselor and the client belong to different cultural groups, may hold different assumptions about social reality, and may subscribe to different world views.
The culturally encapsulated counselor is characterized by:
defining reality according to the client’s reality.
showing sensitivity to cultural variations among individuals.
evaluating other viewpoints and making attempts to accommodate the behavior of others.
defining reality according to one set of cultural assumptions.
A cross-cultural counselor who perceives reality exclusively through the filters of his or her own life experiences is said to be culturally:
Statements such as “Minority groups need to take responsibility for their own predicament” and “In order to succeed, people need to stop complaining and start working” do not take into account environmental factors. These are examples of:
guiding principles for action.
challenging culture-bound values.
Frank is a Native American college student who is seeking information about his career choice from a male counselor. The counselor notices that he uses very little eye contact and needs to recognize that Frank:
lacks trust about the information he is receiving.
is unlikely to follow through with his suggestions.
is likely to view direct eye contact as a lack of respect.
would be more likely to have direct eye contact if the counselor were a female.
Marie is working with a lesbian client who is in a dysfunctional relationship with another woman. She is seeking counseling to sort out her options regarding leaving her emotionally abusive partner. Marie can assist her client by:
automatically attributing her client’s problems to her sexual orientation.
attempting to change the sexual orientation of her client.
supporting her client’s attempt to leave the abusive relationship, work on her abuse issues, and eventually enter into a positive lesbian relationship.
encouraging her client to realize how difficult it is to live in a lesbian relationship.
It is the authors’ position that counselors would not work well with diverse populations if they:
are open to being challenged and tested.
are flexible in applying theories to specific situations.
believe that they are free from any racist attitudes, beliefs, and or feelings.
are comfortable with differences that exist between themselves and their clients.
Denise is a Euro-American social worker who is a former welfare client. A divorcee and mother of four, she succeeded in completing her degree and getting off the system in four years. She is now working in a welfare-to-work program and sets similar goals for her multicultural clients. Denise’s attitude and actions indicate that she:
believes in her client’s ability to achieve and live up to her expectations.
is well intentioned and willing to challenge her clients.
can serve as a model of what her clients can accomplish with their lives–if she could do it, so can her clients.
is operating out of the majority value system and presuming that her clients have the same goals.
According to the authors, the first step in the process of acquiring multicultural counseling skills in a training program should be that students:
take a self-exploratory class to help identity their cultural and ethnic blind spots.
start a social advocacy campaign and become politically involved on campus.
free themselves from all racist thoughts, actions and feelings.
have their value system conform to an “acceptable norm”.
_______________________________ is a three-stage developmental sequence, from multicultural awareness to knowledge and comprehension to skills and applications.
What is/are the reason(s) for the underutilization of mental health services by minority groups?
biased nature of the services
child care issues
All of the choices
b and c
Which of the following court cases involved an employee assistance program provider who refused to counsel homosexual clients on the basis of religious beliefs and was eventually terminated by her employer?
Jablonski vs. United States
Jaffee vs. Redmond
Tarasoff vs. Board of Regents of the University of California
Working effectively with cultural diversity in the therapeutic process is
a requirement of good ethical practice.
a skill that some clinicians may choose to develop.
not related to ethics, but is related to professionalism.
is neither related to ethics nor professionalism.
Cultural issues affect which of the following aspects of the counseling process?
Only the initial interactions with clients when counselors need to assess how their clients are similar to and different from them
All aspects of the counseling process
No aspects of the counseling process unless one is specifically practicing from a multicultural framework.
Only the termination phase, since clients may approach endings in ways that are consistent with their culture.
Mental health practitioners must ________________ their own group as the standard by which to assess appropriate behavior in others.
be held legally liable for using
To the extent that counselors are focused on the values of ______________________ and ______________________ to variations among groups and individuals, they are at risk for practicing unethically.
the dominant culture; insensitive
oppressed minority groups; sensitive
clients living alternative lifestyles; attuned
people of color; sensitive
When the term “culture” is interpreted broadly, it is associated with
a racial or ethnic group.
physical capacity or disability.
All of the choices.
___________________ is a sense of identity that stems from common ancestry, history, nationality, religion, and race.
None of the choices
In multicultural counseling, one must balance the importance of______________________ in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment.
liberal and conservative views
western approaches and southern approaches
individualism versus collectivism
cultural encapsulation and assimilation
_____________________ refers to individual differences on a number of variables that place clients at risk for discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status.
_________________________ refers to a practitioner’s level of awareness, knowledge, and interpersonal skill when working with individuals from diverse backgrounds.
Cultural diversity competence
Which of the following ethics codes mention the practitioner’s responsibility to recognize the special needs of diverse client populations?
Feminist Therapy Institute’s code of ethics
Canadian Counselling Association’s code of ethics
Code of Professional Ethics for Rehabilitation Counselors
All of the choices
None of the choices
Oppression has resulted in deep psychological and spiritual pain for persons in diverse groups. This is referred to as
an identity crisis.
an injury to the psyche.
a narcissistic injury.
The APA has developed a set of specialty guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients that prohibit unfair discrimination based on sexual orientation. Which of the areas stated below are not mentioned in the guidelines?
Attitudes toward LGB people and sexual orientation issues
Relationships and family concerns
The complex diversity within the LGB community
The training and education needed to work effectively with this client population
None of the choices
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