Chapter 3 anatomy and research methods-psychology 3322

     

True / False

  

1. Neurons that directly convey messages to muscles and   glands are part of the central nervous system.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

 

REFERENCES:  

Terminology to     Describe the Nervous System

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

  

2. The elbow is more distal to the shoulder than the hand.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

  

3. Cell bodies of motor neurons are located outside of the   spinal cord.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

  

4. ​The parasympathetic nervous system activates the   “fight or flight” response.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

 

 

 

 

  

5. Parasympathetic neurons use acetylcholine as their   neurotransmitter.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

 

 

 

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

  

6. The hindbrain consists of the medulla, the pons, and the   cerebellum.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

  

7. ​Some cranial nerves include both sensory and motor   components.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

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8. Substantia nigra gives rise to the dopamine-containing   pathway that facilitates readiness for movement.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

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9. The limbic system is important for motivation and   emotional behaviors.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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10. Although relatively small, the hypothalamus is very   important for a large range of motivated behaviors.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

  

11. The choroid plexus reabsorbs the cerebrospinal fluid.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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12. Damage to the right hemisphere of the cortex will most   likely cause loss of sensory or motor control on the left side of the body.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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13. ​Damage to the striate cortex of the right hemisphere   causes blindness in the left visual field.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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14. The prefrontal cortex is important for working memory.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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15. ​Many cells in association areas of the brain respond   to more than one sensory modality.

  

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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Multiple Choice

  

16. ​The central nervous system is composed of the ____.

  

a. 

​brain and spinal     cord

 

b. 

​nerves outside the     brain and spinal cord exclusively 

 

c. 

​sympathetic and     parasympathetic nervous systems

 

d. 

​somatic and     autonomic nervous systems

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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17. ​Together, the somatic nervous system and the autonomic   nervous system make up the ____ nervous system.

  

a. 

​peripheral

 

b. 

​central

 

c. 

​sympathetic

 

d. 

​dorsal

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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18. ​Which division of the nervous system consists of   neurons that deliver messages from the sensory organs to the central nervous   system?

  

a. 

​autonomic

 

b. 

​sympathetic

 

c. 

​somatic

 

d. 

​parasympathetic

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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19. The somatic nervous system carries signals from the   ____ and is part of the ____.​

  

a. 

​senses; central     nervous system

 

b. 

​organs; autonomic     nervous system

 

c. 

​organs; sympathetic     nervous system

 

d. 

​senses; peripheral     nervous system

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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20. ​Which division of the nervous system consists of   neurons that control the heart, intestines, and other organs?

  

a. 

​internal

 

b. 

​afferent

 

c. 

​somatic

 

d. 

​autonomic

  

 

 

 

 

  

21. ​Which plane shows brain structures as they would be   seen from the front?

  

a. 

​coronal

 

b. 

​sagittal

 

c. 

​horizontal

 

d. 

​transverse

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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22. ​Which plane shows brain structures as they would be   seen from above?

  

a. 

​coronal

 

b. 

​sagittal

 

c. 

​horizontal

 

d. 

​commuter

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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23. ​If one structure is on the left side of the body and   another is on the right, they are said to be ____ to each other.

  

a. 

​medial

 

b. 

​lateral

 

c. 

​ipsilateral

 

d. 

​contralateral

  

ANSWER:  

 

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24. ​The basal ganglia are a related cluster of cell bodies   that are lateral to the.

  

a. 

​meninges

 

b. 

​hippocampus

 

c. 

​hypothalamus

 

d. 

​thalamus

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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25. ​The spinal cord communicates with ____.

  

a. 

​sense organs and     muscles below the level of the head

 

b. 

​all sense organs     and muscles in the human body

 

c. 

​the dorsal root     ganglia only

 

d. 

​the ventral root     ganglia only

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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26. ​The cell bodies of sensory neurons that are in   clusters of neurons outside the spinal cord are called ____.

  

a. 

​sensory nuclei

 

b. 

​sensory clusters

 

c. 

​ventral root ganglia

 

d. 

​dorsal root ganglia

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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27. ​After damage to the dorsal roots of the spinal cord,   an individual will suffer what kind of loss?

  

a. 

​sensation from the     affected body area

 

b. 

​control of the     peripheral muscles in the affected body area

 

c. 

​control of organs     in the affected body area

 

d. 

​sensation of the     muscles on the opposite side of the body

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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28. ​After damage to the ventral roots of the spinal cord,   an individual will suffer what kind of loss?

  

a. 

​sensation from the     affected body area

 

b. 

​control of the     peripheral muscles in the affected body area

 

c. 

​control of organs     in the affected body area

 

d. 

​sensation of the     muscles on the opposite side of the body

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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29. ​Cell bodies of sensory neurons are located in the   ____.

  

a. 

​spinal cord

 

b. 

​dorsal root ganglia

 

c. 

​white matter

 

d. 

​ventral roots

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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30. ​Cell bodies of motor neurons would most likely be   found in ____.

  

a. 

​gray matter

 

b. 

​white matter

 

c. 

​the dorsal roots

 

d. 

​the tracts

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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31. ​Where would you find the dorsal root ganglia?

  

a. 

​at the base of the     brain

 

b. 

​in the gray matter     of the spinal cord

 

c. 

​in the white matter     of the spinal cord

 

d. 

​outside, but near,     the spinal cord

  

ANSWER:  

 

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32. ​A cross section of the spinal cord indicates that gray   matter is ____.

  

a. 

​densely packed with     myelinated axons

 

b. 

​composed mostly of     unmyelinated axons

 

c. 

​densely packed with     cell bodies and dendrites

 

d. 

​composed only of     dendrites

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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33. ​Which part of the nervous system prepares the body for   “fight or flight” activities?

  

a. 

​sympathetic

 

b. 

​somatic

 

c. 

​parasympathetic

 

d. 

​peripheral

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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34. ​The sweat glands, adrenal glands, and muscles that   constrict blood vessels have input from only the ____ nervous system.

  

a. 

​sympathetic

 

b. 

​parasympathetic

 

c. 

​central

 

d. 

​dorsal root

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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35. ​You are walking after dark. A sudden noise frightens   you. Your heart pounds, your pulse races, and your breathing rate increases.   These responses are due to your ____.

  

a. 

​parasympathetic     nervous system

 

b. 

​sympathetic nervous     system

 

c. 

​somatic nervous     system

 

d. 

​immune system

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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36. ​Sympathetic ganglia ____.

  

a. 

​are located inside     the spinal cord

 

b. 

​act more     independently than do parasympathetic ganglia

 

c. 

​are closely linked     and often act as a single system

 

d. 

​have short     postganglionic fibers extending to internal organs

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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37. ​Sympathetic is to ____ as parasympathetic is to ____.

  

a. 

​the central nervous     system; the peripheral nervous system

 

b. 

​voluntary behavior;     involuntary behavior

 

c. 

​arousal; relaxation

 

d. 

​neurotransmitters;     hormones

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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38. ​The parasympathetic nervous system has ____.

  

a. 

​long preganglionic     and long postganglionic axons

 

b. 

​long preganglionic     and short postganglionic axons

 

c. 

​short preganglionic     and short postganglionic axons

 

d. 

​short preganglionic     and long postganglionic axons

  

 

 

 

 

  

39. ​Which neurotransmitter is primarily used by the   parasympathetic nervous system?

  

a. 

​dopamine

 

b. 

​serotonin

 

c. 

​acetylcholine

 

d. 

​norepinephrine

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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40. ​Acetylcholine is the only neurotransmitter released by   ____.

  

a. 

​the sympathetic     nervous system’s postganglionic synapses

 

b. 

​the parasympathetic     nervous system’s postganglionic axons

 

c. 

​intrinsic neurons     in the spinal cord

 

d. 

​intrinsic neurons     of the hippocampus

  

ANSWER:  

 

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41. ​Sympathetic is to ____ as parasympathetic is to ____.

  

a. 

​serotonin; dopamine

 

b. 

​dopamine; serotonin

 

c. 

​acetylcholine;     norepinephrine

 

d. 

​norepinephrine;     acetylcholine

  

ANSWER:  

 

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42. ​Which structure consists of the medulla, the pons, and   the cerebellum?

  

a. 

​hindbrain

 

b. 

​reticular formation

 

c. 

​midbrain

 

d. 

​forebrain

  

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43. ​The term rhombencephalon refers to the ____.

  

a. 

​brainstem

 

b. 

​hindbrain

 

c. 

​midbrain

 

d. 

​forebrain

  

ANSWER:  

 

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44. ​What structure is composed of the medulla, pons, the   midbrain, and certain central structures of the forebrain?

  

a. 

​limbic system

 

b. 

​thalamus

 

c. 

​brain stem

 

d. 

​cerebellum

  

ANSWER:  

 

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45. ​The medulla is considered part of the brain rather   than the spinal cord because it ____.

  

a. 

​developed later in     evolution

 

b. 

​is contained in the     skull

 

c. 

​develops from a     separate group of neurons

 

d. 

​is composed only of     interneurons

  

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46. ​Breathing, heart rate, vomiting, salivation, coughing,   and sneezing are all controlled by which structure?

  

a. 

​medulla

 

b. 

​thalamus

 

c. 

​cerebellum

 

d. 

​pons

  

ANSWER:  

 

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47. ​As axons from the spinal cord enter the skull, which   structure do they enter?

  

a. 

​midbrain

 

b. 

​forebrain

 

c. 

​medulla

 

d. 

​cerebellum

  

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48. ​The medulla controls a number of reflexes through   ____.

  

a. 

​the midbrain

 

b. 

​the forebrain

 

c. 

​cranial nerves

 

d. 

​skeletal nerves

  

ANSWER:  

 

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49. ​How many pairs of cranial nerves do humans have?

  

a. 

​8

 

b. 

​10

 

c. 

​12

 

d. 

​16

  

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50. ​The nuclei for most of the cranial nerves are located   in the ____.

  

a. 

​cerebral cortex

 

b. 

​hypothalamus

 

c. 

​midbrain

 

d. 

​pons and medulla

  

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51. ​The nuclei for cranial nerves I through IV are located   in the ____.

  

a. 

​midbrain and     forebrain

 

b. 

​hindbrain

 

c. 

​pons and medulla

 

d. 

​spinal cord

  

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52. Vision is to ____ as hearing is to ____.

  

a. 

​cranial nerve I;     cranial nerve X

 

b. 

​cranial nerve II;     cranial nerve VIII

 

c. 

​cranial nerve II;     cranial nerve V

 

d. 

​cranial nerve IV;     cranial nerve VIII

  

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53. ​The reticular formation is contained within the ____.

  

a. 

​brain stem

 

b. 

​spinal cord

 

c. 

​raphe system

 

d. 

​cerebellum

  

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54. ​The ascending portion of the reticular formation ____.

  

a. 

​controls the motor     areas of the spinal cord

 

b. 

​is responsible for     the eye muscles

 

c. 

​controls the motor     areas of the brain

 

d. 

​increases arousal     and attention

  

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55. ​Which structure receives input from the   hypothalamus and basal ganglia and sends axons that release acetylcholine to   widespread areas in the cerebral cortex?

  

a. 

​nucleus basilis

 

b. 

​reticular formation

 

c. 

​spinal cord

 

d. 

​amygdala

  

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56. ​The cerebellum contributes to the control of what   function?

  

a. 

​hunger

 

b. 

​temperature

 

c. 

​olfaction

 

d. 

​movement

  

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57. ​Research indicates that the behavioral effects of the   cerebellum may be due to its role in ____.

  

a. 

​coordinating     information from left and right hemispheres

 

b. 

​focusing attention     and organizing sensory inputs

 

c. 

​interpreting visual     stimuli

 

d. 

​coordinating the     release of hormones

  

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58. ​In addition to problems with balance and coordination,   a person with damage to the cerebellum will likely have problems with ____.

  

a. 

​reflexive changes     in heart rate

 

b. 

​shifting attention     between auditory and visual stimuli

 

c. 

​amnesia

 

d. 

​rational     decision-making

  

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59. ​In which area of the brain would one find the tectum,   tegmentum, superior and inferior colliculi, and substantia nigra?

  

a. 

​midbrain

 

b. 

​hindbrain

 

c. 

​reticular formation

 

d. 

​forebrain

  

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60. Superior colliculus is to ____ as inferior colliculus   is to ____.

  

a. 

​vision; hearing

 

b. 

​taste; smell

 

c. 

​vision; touch

 

d. 

​touch; hearing

  

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61. What type of pathway in the substantia nigra   deteriorates in Parkinson’s disease?​

  

a. 

​dopamine

 

b. 

​serotonin

 

c. 

​norepinephrine

 

d. 

​acetylcholine

  

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62. ​A group of forebrain structures is important for   motivated and emotional behavior. What term refers to this group of   structures?

  

a. 

​limbic system

 

b. 

​reticular formation

 

c. 

​tegmentum

 

d. 

​basal ganglia

  

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63. ​The limbic system is most related to ____.

  

a. 

​emotional behaviors

 

b. 

​motor coordination

 

c. 

​coordination     between the eyes and ears

 

d. 

​perception of     three-dimensional objects

  

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64. ​One function of the thalamus is to ____.

  

a. 

​relay sensory     information to the cerebral cortex

 

b. 

​regulate sleep     cycles

 

c. 

​direct the     secretions of the hypothalamus

 

d. 

​moderate emotional     outbursts

  

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65. ​Which structure provides the main source of input to   the cerebral cortex?

  

a. 

​limbic system

 

b. 

​medulla

 

c. 

​thalamus

 

d. 

​hypothalamus

  

ANSWER:  

 

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66. ​Olfactory information is processed by the ____.

  

a. 

​thalamus via the     olfactory bulbs

 

b. 

​cortex via the     olfactory bulbs

 

c. 

​spinal cord

 

d. 

​medulla

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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67. ​An impairment of eating, drinking, temperature regulation,   or sexual behavior suggests possible damage to which brain structure?

  

a. 

​midbrain

 

b. 

​hippocampus

 

c. 

​hypothalamus

 

d. 

​cerebellum

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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68. ​The hindbrain consists of the ____.

  

a. 

​tectum, tegmentum,     and reticular formation

 

b. 

​thalamus and     hypothalamus

 

c. 

​spinal cord and     cranial nerves

 

d. 

​medulla, pons, and     cerebellum

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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69. ​By both neural and hormonal pathways, the hypothalamus   regulates activity of the ____.

  

a. 

​pituitary gland

 

b. 

​thalamus

 

c. 

​retina

 

d. 

​ventricles

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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70. ​Secretions from which gland will also affect the   secretion of hormones from the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, and ovaries or   testes?

  

a. 

​thymus gland

 

b. 

​pineal gland

 

c. 

​pineal gland

 

d. 

​pituitary gland

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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71. ​The pituitary gland synthesizes and releases hormones   ____.

  

a. 

​to the outside of     the body

 

b. 

​to the thalamus

 

c. 

​into the     bloodstream

 

d. 

​to the hypothalamus

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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72. ​Which structure is likely to be damaged in Parkinson’s   disease, Huntington’s disease, and other conditions that impair movement?

  

a. 

​thalamus

 

b. 

​basal ganglia

 

c. 

​limbic system

 

d. 

​reticular formation

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

73. ​Damage to the basal ganglia would most likely result   in ____.

  

a. 

​a movement disorder

 

b. 

​problems with     visual perception

 

c. 

​problems with     auditory perception

 

d. 

​a loss of pain     sensation

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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74. ​The nucleus basalis is a key part of the brain’s   system for ____.

  

a. 

​emotional response

 

b. 

​attention

 

c. 

​visual perception

 

d. 

​auditory perception

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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75. ​The hippocampus plays a major role in ____.

  

a. 

​innate sexual     behavior

 

b. 

​temperature     regulation

 

c. 

​memory

 

d. 

​secretion of     hormones

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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76. ​An individual has difficulty remembering certain   things after brain damage, but all memories stored before the damage are   intact. The brain area most likely damaged is the ____.

  

a. 

​fornix

 

b. 

​hypothalamus

 

c. 

​hippocampus

 

d. 

​nucleus basalis

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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77. ​The ventricles, central canal, and subarachnoid space   are all ____.

  

a. 

​part of the     forebrain

 

b. 

​filled with     cerebrospinal fluid

 

c. 

​involved in     cognitive functioning

 

d. 

​filled with blood

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

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78. ​The choroid plexus ____.

  

a. 

​cushions the brain

 

b. 

​protects the brain     from infection

 

c. 

​is another name for     the ventricles

 

d. 

​forms the     cerebrospinal fluid

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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79. ​Meningitis is an inflammation of the ____.

  

a. 

​cerebrospinal fluid

 

b. 

​glia

 

c. 

​membranes     surrounding the brain

 

d. 

​medulla oblongata

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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80. ​Membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord are   called ____.

  

a. 

​CSF

 

b. 

​ventricles

 

c. 

​meninges

 

d. 

​hydrocephali

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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81. ​A function of the cerebrospinal fluid is to ____.

  

a. 

​cushion the brain

 

b. 

​hold blood in     reserve for emergencies

 

c. 

​maintain the     blood-brain barrier

 

d. 

​synthesize     neurotransmitters

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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82. ​What causes hydrocephalus?

  

a. 

​poorly developed     skull bones in an infant

 

b. 

​interruption of     blood flow to the brain around the time of birth

 

c. 

​obstruction in the     flow of cerebrospinal fluid

 

d. 

​damage to one of     the cranial nerves

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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83. ​Each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex receives most   of its input from the ____ side of the body and controls the muscles on the   ____ side.

  

a. 

​contralateral;     ipsilateral

 

b. 

​ipsilateral;     contralateral

 

c. 

​ipsilateral;     ipsilateral

 

d. 

​contralateral;     contralateral

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

84. ​What do the corpus callosum and anterior commissure   have in common?

  

a. 

​They both produce     CSF.

 

b. 

​They both connect     the two hemispheres.

 

c. 

​They are made up of     gray matter.

 

d. 

​They each have six     laminae.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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85. ​Which statement is TRUE about laminae in the cerebral   cortex?

  

a. 

​All cortical areas     contain six layers.

 

b. 

​Odd numbered     laminae contain only neurons; even numbered laminae contain only glia.

 

c. 

​The laminae vary in     thickness in different areas.

 

d. 

​Each layer     corresponds to a different sensory modality.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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86. ​If you could selectively damage the individual laminae   of the cortex, damage to which layer would most likely affect visual   sensation?

  

a. 

​Layer IV of the     temporal cortex

 

b. 

​Layer V of the     occipital cortex

  

87. ​Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is most important   for visual information?

  

a. 

​occipital

 

b. 

​parietal

 

c. 

​temporal

 

d. 

​frontal

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

3.2 The Cerebral     Cortex

  

88. ​Cortical blindness may result from the destruction of   ____.

  

a. 

​any part of the     cortex

 

b. 

​the occipital     cortex

 

c. 

​the parietal cortex

 

d. 

​the central sulcus

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

89. ​Which part of the cerebral cortex is most important   for the sense of touch?

  

a. 

​occipital lobe

 

b. 

​parietal lobe

 

c. 

​temporal lobe

 

d. 

​frontal lobe

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

90. ​The ____ monitors all the information about eye, head,   and body positions and passes it on to brain areas that control movement.

  

a. 

​parietal lobe

 

b. 

​occipital lobe

 

c. 

​central sulcus

 

d. 

​precentral gyrus

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

91. ​What is the primary target area in the cortex for   information regarding muscle-stretch and joint receptors?

  

a. 

​primary     somatosensory cortex

 

b. 

​occipital lobe

 

c. 

​central sulcus

 

d. 

​precentral gyrus

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

3.2 The Cerebral     Cortex

  

92. ​Someone who suddenly loses the ability to identify   objects by feeling them has probably suffered damage to what area of the   cerebral cortex?

  

a. 

​parietal lobe

 

b. 

​temporal lobe

 

c. 

​frontal lobe

 

d. 

​corpus callosum

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

93. What is the primary area of the cerebral cortex for   auditory sensations?​

  

a. 

​occipital

 

b. 

​parietal

 

c. 

​temporal

 

d. 

​frontal

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

94. ​Which lobe seems to be especially involved in the   comprehension of spoken language in humans?

  

a. 

​occipital

 

b. 

​parietal

 

c. 

​frontal

 

d. 

​temporal

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

95. ​Which lobe contributes most to the perception of   movement and recognition of faces?

  

a. 

​occipital lobe

 

b. 

​parietal lobe

 

c. 

​temporal lobe

 

d. 

​frontal lobe

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

3.2 The Cerebral     Cortex

  

96. ​The precentral gyrus is essential for the ____.

  

a. 

​control of fine     movements

 

b. 

​coordination     between vision and hearing

 

c. 

​regulation of     emotions

 

d. 

​attention to hunger     and thirst

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

97. ​The only area of the cerebral cortex known to receive   input from ALL sensory modalities is the ____.

  

a. 

​thalamus

 

b. 

​prefrontal cortex

 

c. 

​striate cortex

 

d. 

​parietal lobe

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

98. ​Neurons in the prefrontal cortex ____ than neurons in   other cortical areas.

  

a. 

​are larger in size

 

b. 

​have more dendritic     spines

 

c. 

​have greater     velocities of action potentials

 

d. 

​are more sensitive     to light

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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99. ​Prefrontal lobotomies were conducted in the United   States in an attempt to ____.

  

a. 

​restore memory

 

b. 

​restrain prisoners

 

c. 

​treat severe     obesity

 

d. 

​treat severe     psychiatric disorders

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

100. ​The prefrontal cortex is important for ____.

  

a. 

​the processing of     visual information

 

b. 

​working memory

 

c. 

​language     acquisition

 

d. 

​recognizing faces

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

101. ​If the prefrontal cortex is damaged, an individual   may ____.

  

a. 

​have difficulty     remembering where s/he just placed the keys

 

b. 

​sleep 18-22 hours     per day 

 

c. 

​have impaired     vision

 

d. 

​lose all memory of     faces for at least six months

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

102. ​The “binding problem” is the issue of how   we ____.

  

a. 

​convert sensory     information into a pattern that produces movement

 

b. 

​perceive visual,     auditory and other aspects of a stimulus as a single object

 

c. 

​transfer     information between the left and right hemispheres

 

d. 

​communicate between     word comprehension and word production areas of the brain

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

103. ​The large-scale integration problem is the difficulty   of ____.

  

a. 

​getting the     different parts of the brain to physically connect during development

 

b. 

​understanding how     neurons work

 

c. 

​knowing how the     areas of your brain work together to create a combined perception

 

d. 

​how more than one     person can perceive the same object at the same time

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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104. ​Which statement is TRUE of the cortical areas that   are sometimes known as “association areas”?

  

a. 

​They have primary     control over processes of thinking and reasoning.

 

b. 

​They are best     described as additional sensory areas.

 

c. 

​They form     associations between touch and hearing.

 

d. 

​They integrate     information from more than one sensory system.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

105. ​People with damage of the parietal cortex tend to   have trouble ____

  

a. 

​hearing sounds

 

b. 

​locating objects in     space

 

c. 

​remembering past     events

 

d. 

​speaking

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

106. ​Computerized axial tomography creates an image from   ____.

  

a. 

​microwaves

 

b. 

​infrared rays

 

c. 

​x-rays

 

d. 

​gamma rays

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

107. ​Suppose you are interested in determining if the   volume of the hippocampus is associated with the amount of stress a person   was experiencing. Which method would be the best choice?

  

a. 

​CAT

 

b. 

​fMRI

 

c. 

​PET

 

d. 

​rCBF

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

3.3 Research Methods

  

108. ​An electroencephalograph measures ____.

  

a. 

​action potentials     in an individual neuron

 

b. 

​the electrical     resistance of hair

 

c. 

​the rate of glucose     uptake in active regions of the brain

 

d. 

​the average     activity of the cells in a given region of the brain

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

109. ​Evoked potentials in the brain are most likely to be   detected by a(n) ____.

  

a. 

​CAT scan

 

b. 

​MRI

 

c. 

​EEG

 

d. 

​PET scan

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

3.3 Research Methods

  

110. ​Which method is dependent upon injecting a   radioactive chemical into the blood to measure blood flow?

  

a. 

​fMRI

 

b. 

​PET

 

c. 

​CAT

 

d. 

​magnetic     stimulation

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

111. ​Which technique is dependent upon the release of   oxygen from hemoglobin molecules?

  

a. 

​PET

 

b. 

​rCBF

 

c. 

​MRI

 

d. 

​fMRI

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

112. ​A stereotaxic instrument would most likely be used   for ____.

  

a. 

​placing an     electrode in the brain

 

b. 

​assessing regional     blood flow

 

c. 

​testing reflexes

 

d. 

​measuring blood     pressure

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

113. How does the method of transcranial magnetic   stimulation of brain areas differ from magnetic inactivation?​

  

a. 

​Brain activation     results from long, intense magnetic stimulation.

 

b. 

​Brain inactivation     results from mild, brief magnetic stimulation.

 

c. 

​Brain inactivation     results as the magnets are simply reversed.

 

d. 

​Brain activation     results from mild, brief magnetic stimulation.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

114. Thus far, it appears that the brain feature most   strongly correlated with IQ in humans is the ____.​

  

a. 

​volume of the     hippocampus

 

b. 

​brain-to-body ratio

 

c. 

​brain weight

 

d. 

​amount of gray     matter

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

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TOPICS:  

  

115. ​Women on the average have a greater density of   neurons in part of the ____. 

  

a. 

​hippocampus

 

b. 

​temporal lobe

 

c. 

​frontal lobe

 

d. 

​gray matter

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

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Essay

  

116. ​Organize the following divisions of the nervous   system in a hierarchy to show the relationships between them: central,   peripheral, autonomic, sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

  

117. Name and describe two different methods for measuring   brain function (not anatomy).

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.0 5     – Cite examples of several methods for studying the relationship between     brain activity and behavior.

 

TOPICS:  

3.3 Research Methods

  

118. Describe the basic anatomy and function of the spinal   cord.​

  

ANSWER:  

​ segment, the brain     loses sensation from that segment and below. The brain also loses motor     control over all parts of the body served by that segment and the lower     ones.

 

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Analyze

 

REFERENCES:  

The Spinal Cord

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

  

119. ​Describe the basic functions and components of the   autonomic nervous system.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

  

120. ​Briefly describe the main categories of methods for   studying brain function.

  

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

Recording Brain     Activity

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.0 5     – Cite examples of several methods for studying the relationship between     brain activity and behavior.

 

TOPICS:  

3.3 Research Methods

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The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.

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Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

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Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency